Let’s look today at how India achieves pre-primary enrollment goals-but there are still many marginalized kids left behind.
According to UNESCO, 287 million or 37% of the world’s illiterate people are Indians. The number of people who can’t read or write in the whole world is about 900 million. India’s literacy rate is around 74% –leaving a quarter of the population without basic skills in reading and writing.
While education is the fundamental right of every child, severe poverty and deprivation, population growth, war zones and natural disasters deprive many children of a world of books and learning. Poverty and illiteracy are closely linked-and India are home to one-third of all world poverty with the world’s second-largest population.
While 22% of Indians fall below the poverty line, over half of the nation’s population is estimated to lack basic literacy skills. The poverty situation in India is improving, but the problems of poor health and sanitation, low educational levels,unemployment and malnutrition remain. And this, of course, affects the literacy level of the country. Since the end of the British rule in 1947, India’s literacy rate has increased six times – from 12% to 74% in recent times. Yet, according to an Oxfam report, India has the largest population of illiterate in the world.
“Women’s Dalits ‘ literacy rate in Bihar is about 38.5 percent,” the charity said. “It’s far behind the progress trend in India. It is still 30 years behind the national literacy rate of India. “From rural to urban India, there are many differences. India spends approximately 10.5% of its total government spending on education. But it’s not spread evenly. “While prosperous states like Kerala spend over $ 685 per pupil per year, expenditure in poorer states like Bihar is only about $ 100,” a UNESCO report said.
At the pre-primary and primary level, there are better news for India. India has sspre-primary enrollment targets among countries alongside countries such as Australia, Austria, and Canada. What is being questioned, however, is the quality of education-placing India among the twenty-one countries facing an “extensive” learning crisis. According to news reports, half of the children in 21 of the 85 countries are believed to “learning the basics India and 17 countries from sub-Saharan Africa, Mauritania, Morocco and Pakistan are included in this list And though India has rolled out the Right to Education Act, the country is yet to witness its complete and proper implementation.
According to Oxfam, 78% of out-of-school children are girls. It said: “They will be calculated as illiterate women in the next census, which would then have a ripple effect on their children’s education.” Save The Children’s Fay Hoyland said: “Our main focus in India’s early education is to improve the quality of education, ensuring that all children acquire the appropriate skills as enshrined in the Right to Education Act, 2009
“We do this by making it possible for children (with a focus on disadvantaged children) to access quality education ingovernment pre-schools by working with government pre-school teachers and workers to improve school education and management.
“We provide resources and training and improve the relationships between the school and the children, parents and members of the community to promote the importance of early-year education and help reduce drop-out rates.”
There is no better investment for a society than education, educating children today, have a lifelong impact on their health, nutrition, employment and growth. Essentially, education is a fundamental human right currently denied to 75 million children
” A child who reads will be an adult who think “