Why Educating Girls Is Important In India?
Education, whether a boy or a girl, is an essential part of a living being. Education helps an individual become smarter, learn new things, and learn about the world’s facts. India is the second largest nation in the world in terms of residents, but India’s rate of girl education is extremely low. Educating the girl child must be a necessity for the country’s overall development as women play an essential role in the country’s all-around process. Generally speaking, in rural areas where people rarely want to send their daughters to school, they think educating girls is not important as they grow up and eventually get married and settle down. People believe girls should stay with mothers at home to help their family and nothing else. This mentality is totally wrong and since girl education can bring about a massive revolution in society, the lack of education for women weakens the powerful part of society.
There are many NGO’s that are serving for this problem, but one of the trustworthy one is The Gurukulians Foundation . It focuses on improving the condition through which girls can access quality education, particularly in rural areas. The development of female education in India has several advantages as education can play an important role in the country’s development.
High dropout rate of girls in India:
The biggest challenge is dropping out of girls from schools which is propelled by multiple social circumstances. These include early marriage, poverty, lack of safety in schools, lower expectations of girls’ education and traditional gender norms.
A 2017 National Commission for Protection of Child Rights’ (NCPCR report), also echoes similar worries that around 39.4 percent of adolescent girls in the 15-18 age group are not attending educational institution, and a huge majority – about 65 percent – of them are “either tied up in household activities, are dependents married), or, are forced to beg, etc.”
The cost of this pattern in girls ‘ education is enormous, a report from the World Bank shows. The report estimates the losses in lifetime productivity and earnings for girls of not completing 12 years of education at USD 15 trillion (Rs 15 lac crore) to $30 trillion dollars (Rs 30 lac crore) globally.
This is because women with secondary education earn nearly twice as much as those with destitute or no education on average.
Alter the regressive nature of the society
It is believed that girl education in India is not that important as they grow up to eventually be stay-at-home mothers. Due to the regressive nature of India’s society, the development of girl education has been hampered to a large extent. The majority of India’s population is rural, and the mind-set that the majority of these people grow up with makes it quite challenging to educate these people about the benefits of girl education.
Benefits of education girls:
We as a nation need to think of the benefits around educating our girls. Once we started strategizing towards ensuring lower dropout rates among adolescent girls, we could automatically tackle the problem of child marriage (under 18 for girls), which would naturally translate into reduction in early child bearing, which wouldfurther impact both maternal mortality rates and child mortality. This would have a bigger impact on the health of children as well as mothers. Healthy mothers would mean healthy familie
Improve literacy rate :
India’s literacy rate continues to be below the global average. Many NGO’s have helped to make a slight difference in the literacy rate. NGOs have directly and indirectly affected more than 1,36,000 children (52% girls from marginalized communities) and 9,00,000 children (54% girls). When girls are educated, instead of getting married at a young age, they can focus on other things. By practicing the profession, they want, they can serve the society in many ways. This can assist in playing a significant role in society.
Government policies :
To ensure this happens, the government policies must tackle social practices that keep girls out of school. While the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhoa initiative launched in 2015 has been an excellent step in the direction. Here, the government is advocating the need to educate and empower the girl child by raising awareness among the communities.
However, more efforts are required to support a quality education system to enable a woman to become self-sufficient, self-reliant and independent.
The immediate objective should be to ensure lesser or no gender-based gap in the secondary education and higher education. The school enrollments must be clocked, report cards should be monitored and a focus must be on putting in place a mechanism to identify the girls who are at a risk of dropping out.
Bridge courses for to address the quality education needs of the dropped-out girls. Teachers should be capacitated with innovative teaching techniques to create an effective learning environment to cater to each student in the classroom.
Need for vocational training :
To ensure, quality education is provided, there is a need for close monitoring and tabulating results.
Inculcating entrepreneurship skills among the young women will help them drive an economically stable life. Special vocational training in beauty courses, retail, data processing, tailoring etc., along with secondary education, which can get them job ready soon after school, is a good option for urban slums.
This kind of vocational training backed by regular education will help take care of household expenses, and this girl whose education or upbringing, which has been viewed as a “burden” will then be seen as an “investment.”
Moreover, we need to understand that these girls who are educated and financially independent will be more armed to fight against the existing ‘abusive’ patriarchal structure.
Push towards supporting the women to strengthen their self-esteem and leadership, can play a big role in fighting the gender bias.
At the very foundation level, schools and families both need to become more receptive and appreciative of girls and their need to study and be empowered. Teachers and families both must be trained and sensitized to this fact that only when the girl child is educated, she will ensure that her progeny is educated, leading to a change in society on the whole.
Promote gender equality- Gender equality continues to be a prevalent issue in today’s society due to the persistent gap in terms of access to opportunities for women and men. Gender equality is a fundamental human right that every human being is entitled to regardless of their race, ethnicity, sexuality or religion. The role men and women play in the society are totally determined and as a result there is a gender gap.
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